Code Section 409(p)
Code Section 409(p) was enacted as part of the Pension Protection Act of 2006. It requires that an ESOP holding S corporation stock cannot have a prohibited allocation during a nonallocation year. That is, no portion of plan assets attributable to employer securities may accrue or be allocated for the benefit of a disqualified person. Code § 409(p)(3) provides that a nonallocation year occurs when disqualified persons (as defined in § 409(p)(4)) own or are deemed to own 50% of the outstanding stock of the S corporation, taking into consideration synthetic equity as defined in Code § 409(p)(6)(C) and Regulations § 1.409(p)-1(f).
During a nonallocation year, prohibited allocations are deemed to be distributed and excise taxes are imposed on the S corporation pursuant to Code Section 4979A. Additional consequences of a nonallocation year relate to plan qualification and the tax status of the corporation.
Regulation §1.409(p)-1(b)(v) provides that a nonallocation year may be prevented by transferring assets from the accounts of disqualified persons to the non-ESOP portion of the plan.