Small Business Health Care Tax Credit

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Code Section 45R offers a tax credit to certain small employers that provide health insurance coverage to their employees. It is effective for taxable years beginning in 2010. Both taxable employers and employers that are organizations described in section 501(c) that are exempt from tax under section 501(a) (tax-exempt employers) may be eligible for the section 45R credit.

For taxable years beginning before 2014, the amount of the credit is based on a percentage of the lesser of:

1) the amount of nonelective contributions paid by the eligible small employer on behalf of employees under the arrangement during the taxable year, and 2) the amount of nonelective contributions the employer would have paid under the arrangement if each such employee were enrolled in a plan that had a premium equal to the average premium for the small group market in the State (or in an area in the State) in which the employer is offering health insurance coverage.


See also PPACA.